Instructional Planning for effective classroom teaching – A piece of advice to teachers

You have been assigned to a class, by now, a scheme of work must have been developed from the syllabus for that class. More so, a curriculum guide containing the set of information the class is expected to learn has been developed. 

Yet, as a Teacher, the first challenge you will ever have is deciding on the best teaching method to be used in conveying information to a room full of students with varying learning styles. Have you ever wondered why you teach 15 learners in your class and only 5 of them could gain mastery in the subject taught? The real truth is that the problem is not with the learner, in fact, the problem is not the subject, rather the problem is with the instructional plan adopted for such teaching.  Once a teacher can understand that 95% of what a learner learns are self – learned and that as a teacher, the primary task is guiding the learner through the learning process; then teaching becomes easy. Teachers create instructional plans to outline the methods for teaching each lesson with activities and a list of the necessary resources.


An instructional plan that will promote effective classroom teaching must first take the following into cognizance:

  1. What the lesson objective is and how relevant it is to the curriculum
  2. Who is the learner ?
  3. the prerequisite knowledge for learning the new concept?
  4. The emotional and psychological well-being of the learner?
  5. How will instruction be delivered in a way that each student in the classroom can benefit?
  6. What teaching techniques will be used?
  7. How will learning be assessed?
  8. If learning didn’t take place, what do I do?

Piece of Advice

  • Identifying the lesson objective provides a reference to check all instructional plan elements again so that you can determine if they will aid the students in learning the lesson. Gear activities to the objective.


  • Develop an instructional plan that allows for flexibility in class activities so that you can easily accommodate all the learning styles of your students.


  • Adopt an instructional plan that develops assignments assess students’ understanding of the lesson objective. Hence, your instructional plan should focus assessment on the lesson objective.


You can add your own advice so that we all can learn as well

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